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Below, we’ve collected recent research into diversity and outcomes in different sectors.

For Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Research, please see the WPS section.

Global Leadership and Governance:
Leveraging Diversity for Global Leadership
Democracy, Like Revolution, is Unattainable Without Women
Does Women’s Representation in Elected Office Lead to Women-Friendly Policy?
Are Women Really the “Fairer” Sex?
Political Gender Equality and State Human Rights Abuse
When Security Dominates the Agenda: The Influence of Ongoing Security Threats on Female Representation
The Gender Gap in Foreign Policy Attitudes
The Legislative Effectiveness of Women
Women in National Parliaments
Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide

Business Sector, Economic Outcomes, and Team Effectiveness:
Why Invest in Women?
Leave No One Behind: A Call to Action for Gender Equality for Women’s Economic Empowerment
How Diverse Teams Produce Better Outcomes
New Research: Diversity + Inclusion = Better Decision-Making at Work
Diversity is Difficult
A Study Finds that Diverse Companies Produce 19% More Revenue
How Diversity Makes us Smarter
The Role of Gender in Team Collaboration and Performance
Why Diverse Teams are Smarter
Diversity Doesn’t Stick Without Inclusion
The Business Case for Diversity is Now Overwhelming
Diversity has Become a Booming Business. So Where are the Results?

Conflict Resolution, Peace Negotiations, and Peace Processes:
Inclusive Ceasefires: Women, Gender, and a Sustainable End to Violence
Women’s Participation in Peace Processes: Colombia
Women’s Participation in Peace Processes in Northern Ireland Made Them Less Likely to Fail
Why Women? Inclusive Security and Peaceful Societies
Reimagining Peacemaking: Women’s Role in Peace Processes
Women’s Participation in Peace Negotiations: Connections between Presence and Influence
Mapping Women’s Participation in Peace Processes

Gender and Conflict Management:
Gendered Conflict
The Gender Gap in Attitudes Towards the Gulf War: A Cross-National Perspective
Pacific Men: How the Feminist Gap Explains Hostility

Gender in Security Operations:
Primed for Violence: The Role of Gender Inequality in Predicting Internal Conflict
Gender Makes Sense: A Way to Improve Your Mission
Whose Security? Practical Examples of Gender Perspectives in Military Operations
Gender Perspectives and Military Effectiveness
Through a Gender Lens: The Need for Robust Research into Diversity and Military Effectiveness
Hawks, Doves, and Canaries: Women and Conflict
Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military
The Military’s Sexual Assault Blind Spot
Demographics of the U.S. Military
Sovereign Masculinity: Gender Lessons from the War on Terror
Globalization and Militarism: Feminists Make the Link
Gender, War and Conflict
War and Gender

Gender Equality and Security:
Valerie M. Hudson, Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill, Mary Caprioli, and Chad F. Emmett, Sex and World Peace (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012).
The Heart of the Matter: The Security of Women and the Security of States

Gender and Terrorism/Extremism
A Gendered Approach to Countering Violent Extremism
The Roles of Women in Terrorism, Conflict, and Violent Extremism
Women, Gender, and the UK Government’s Countering Violent Extremism (CV) Efforts: Looking Back and Forward
Women, Gender, and Terrorism: The Missing Links

General Resources:
Our Secure Future Annotated Bibliography
Invisible Women: Data Bias in a World Designed for Men
The Global Gender Gap Report
Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security resources

Women, Peace and Security
The Oxford Handbook of Women, Peace and Security
Feminist Foreign Policy: A Fine Line between “Adding Women” and Pursuing a Feminist Agenda
The WPS Index 2019/2020
The Way Forward on Gender, Peace, and Security
National Security: What We Talk About When We Talk About Gender